Authors


Heidi Welsh, the founding executive director of the Sustainable Investments Institute (Si2), she has analyzed corporate responsibility issues for 25 years. Welsh started her career at the Investor Responsibility Research Center in 1987. In addition to detailed coverage of shareholder advocacy, she monitored corporate compliance with a fair employment code in Northern Ireland for 16 years. She also co-authored the Carbon Disclosure Project’s S&P 500 report in 2007, headed up sustainability research within a unit of RiskMetrics Group, and has consulted on development of sector guidelines for the Global Reporting Initiative. Welsh was the lead author on two Si2 studies in 2010 and 2011 about corporate political spending governance, two of several empirical studies Si2 has published on contentious corporate responsibility issues. Welsh received her B.A. from Carleton College, cum laude, and an M.S. from the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University.


Michael Passoff is the founder and CEO of Proxy Impact, a shareholder advocacy and proxy voting service for sustainable and responsible investors (SRIs). Michael has over 20 years of experience in corporate social responsibility, shareholder advocacy, and philanthropy. For more than a decade Michael served as the Senior Program Director for the As You Sow Foundation’s Corporate Social Responsibility Program. In 2005 he founded the Proxy Preview to alert foundations, SRIs, pension funds, labor, and faith-based communities to upcoming shareholder resolutions that are relevant to their mission. Michael has led and participated in more than 300 shareholder dialogues and resolutions on environmental, social and governance issues. His shareholder advocacy work led him to be named as one of 2009’s “100 Most Influential People in Business Ethics” by Ethisphere Magazine and he also received the Climate Change Business Journal award for a shareholder campaign that prompted greenhouse gas emission reductions and renewable energy development at public utilities.